Although dandruff is a common problem, severe dandruff can be uncomfortable and embarrassing. If you have severe dandruff, you may feel like you can’t get rid of it no matter what you do. However, there are treatments available for severe dandruff. In this article, we will explore some of the options and how to choose the right one for you.
What is dandruff?
Dandruff is a common condition that affects the scalp. It is characterized by the presence of white or yellowish flakes on the scalp and is often accompanied by itching and redness. Dandruff is caused by an overgrowth of a fungus called Malassezia, which is found on the scalps of people of all ages. The fungus feeds on the natural oils produced by the skin and when it overgrows, it can cause irritation and flaking.
What causes dandruff?
Dandruff is caused by several different things, but the most common cause is dry skin. Other causes of dandruff include not shampooing often enough, shampooing too much, using a harsh shampoo, excessively oily or dry skin, and certain medical conditions such as psoriasis or eczema. Identifying the cause of your dandruff is the first step in treating it.
How to treat dandruff and itchy scalp
Here are some tips on how to treat dandruff and relieve an itchy scalp:
Shampoo regularly: You should be shampooing your hair at least once a week, but if you have dandruff, you may need to shampoo more frequently. Be sure to use a gentle shampoo that won’t irritate your scalp.
Use an anti-dandruff shampoo: There are special shampoos made to treat dandruff. Be sure to read the label and follow the directions carefully.
Stay hydrated: Drinking plenty of water helps to keep your skin and scalp healthy.
Use a humidifier: A humidifier can help to add moisture to the air, which can be beneficial for your scalp.
Avoid scratching: It can be tempting to scratch your itch, but resist the urge! Scratching will only make things worse and could lead to an infection.
See a doctor: If home treatment doesn’t seem to be helping, or if your symptoms are severe, you should see a doctor or dermatologist for help.
Home Remedies for Dandruff and Itchy Scalp
Dandruff and itchy scalp can be an uncomfortable and embarrassing problem to deal with. However, there are several home remedies that can help provide relief.
One effective remedy is to mix one part apple cider vinegar with one part water and use it as a final rinse after shampooing. This helps balance the pH of the scalp and restores natural moisture levels.
Another remedy is to massage coconut oil into the scalp before shampooing. This can loosen flakes and soothe itching.
Additionally, using a gentle exfoliating scrub on the scalp once or twice a week can remove dead skin cells that may be contributing to the problem.
When to See a Doctor for Dandruff and Itchy Scalp
If home remedies do not provide relief, or if the dandruff is severe, it is best to consult a doctor. They can help determine the underlying cause of the dandruff and recommend the best course of treatment.
In some cases, dandruff may be caused by a skin condition such as seborrheic dermatitis or psoriasis, which can be treated with medication. If the dandruff is not caused by a skin condition, the doctor may recommend medicated shampoos or other treatments to control flakes and itching.
If symptoms persist despite treatment, it is important to see a doctor to rule out other possible causes.