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Knowing the Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer

Cancer of the skin is very common after the age of fifty. It appears in several forms, is usually painless and may grow rapidly or slowly, but characteristically it never heals of its own accord. The most common skin cancer, termed epithelioma, begins slowly as a small pearl of skin which enlarges but eventually ulcerates at its center to finally take the appearance of a small moon-like crater. It becomes covered over with a crust, and seems to be healing, but the crust eventually comes off to expose once again a raw surface underneath. The epithelioma usually grows very slowly, and painlessly. It develops most often on the face, hands and exposed skin surfaces and is thought at least partially, caused by sunlight. Other substances, however, are equally suspected, especially when they occur about the lips and inside of the mouth.

Another skin cancer, called a melanoma, often develops from the bluish-black mole. It is a rapid, vicious and very fast-growing cancer, and unless totally removed in its earliest stages, spreads widely throughout the body to eventually cause death. Such skin cancer, fortunately, is very rare. All forms of skin cancer, have one characteristic in common, they never completely heal. Therefore, any skin bleeding, discoloration or enlargement which does not heal promptly, should be examined by the physician, especially after the age of fifty when skin cancer is more common. Also, as a preventive measure, pigmented moles in the region of frequent irritation should be removed before they can get into trouble. Such regions include the sole of the foot, the palm of the hand, the waistline and the shaving area of the face.

Fortunately, most skin cancers do not spread rapidly and are not difficult to cure. While they are definitely undesirable, skin cancers have the decided advantage of being readily seen, where they can be treated at an early stage. Skin cancers, like any malignancy, must be adequately treated by complete removal or destruction, but unfortunately they are sometimes allowed to grow to a size of several inches or more over long periods in the hope that a worthless salve will someday, somehow heal it. The only effective treatment of skin cancer is in the hands of the physician and it consists of surgery or x-ray therapy exclusively.





How common is Throat Cancer

When the cells in the organs that are used for speaking, breathing and swallowing divides abnormally and goes out of control then throat cancer occurs. Throat cancer usually will begin on vocal chords which will later spread to the voice box known as larynx. It will then spread to the throat back portion which includes the tonsils and the tongue collectively known as pharynx. In some cases it may also occur on sub glottis voice box and trachea. The earlier symptom of this throat cancer is some sensation of hoarseness in voice. Some of the common names of throat cancer are pharyngeal cancer, laryngeal cancer, vocal chord cancer and glottis cancer. Also throat cancer is generally the cancer of the oropharynx, nasopharynx, nyopharynx and larynx.

How common is Throat Cancer

1.As per the survey records, about 24000 to 39000 people were affected by this throat cancer every year in United States. Out of these affected people, about
12000 patients were found to be affected by cancer in the vocal chords.

2.Also it is found that about 12,290 people had laryngeal cancer and about 12,610 people had pharyngeal cancer.

3.Apart from this, the observed death rate due to the laryngeal cancer was about 3660. The death rate due to pharyngeal cancer was about 2230.

4.Also about 3 to 5 percentage of the general cancer cases in United States was found to be with throat cancers.

5.The main cause for throat cancer is smoking. Also people who drink alcohol more and also adapted to smoking habit are at high risk of cancer. The other common
reasons for throat cancer to occur are efficiency of vitamin A and certain kinds of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection.

6.The throat cancer commonly occurs to the patients at the age of above 40.

7.Also men have more risk of about 10 times greater than the risk for women to have throat cancer.

8.Throat cancer is also associated with certain other types of cancers. About 15% of cancer patients have more chances of getting diseased with cancer at lung,
esophagus or lung.

9.Occurrence rates of throat cancer can vary from country to country due to the variances in exposure of risk factors.
Symptoms and Signs of Throat Cancer

10.Pain in ear and blood coughing.

11.Continuous sore throat.

12.Pain or swelling at the neck area.

13.Raspy breathing or wheezing.

14.Weight loss regularly.

15.Swallowing difficulty and voice tone change.

16.Harshness lasting more than for one week.





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