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Why do People Get Asthma?

What is Asthma?

Asthma or Reactive Airway Disease (RAD) is a chronic inflammation of the human lungs which causes disorder of its airways. Due to asthma, the bronchial membranes get swollen, muscles in the airway get tightened and excess mucous is produced which block airway and makes it narrow. Hence the asthmatic patient will have difficulty in breathing.

Need for knowing Why do people get asthma?

People should be aware of why they get affected by asthma. This is because asthma means the lung membranes have become over sensitive due to some triggers or causes. So by finding out why do people get asthma, those triggering factors can be avoided and asthma attacks can be prevented.

Why do People Get Asthma?

People get asthma either due to external agents or the internal reactions that happens within the body. People get asthma due to specific factors such as pollen, dust, fur, chemicals, medicines, occupational exposure etc. Some factors are non-specific such as cold, smoke, pollution etc.

What are the triggers of Asthma?

Various triggers or causes due to which people get asthma are listed below:

Exercise: Some people get asthma due to their regular exercises. This exercise induced asthma attack can be prevented by taking preventive medicines and tying a scarf around the nose before starting the regular exercises. Such people should avoid cold/dry air and they should be in warm or moist air. People can also change their exercises if possible. Indoor games and summer sports like swimming are much preferable for outdoor games such as football and winter sports like skiing.

Heartburn or Reflux Esophagitis: People get asthma attack due to heartburn too. This affects in the night time when the person is lying flat on the bed. Due to acid reflux, the acid leaks into the swallowing tube, throat and the entire breathing passage causing wheezing and choking. If asthma is not triggered by cold, respiratory irritation or allergens, then it means reflux has triggered asthma in that asthmatic patient.

Allergies or Exposure to Allergens: Asthma in 75% of the asthmatic children are triggered by allergies such as dust, dietary changes and genetic factors from parents. Asthma attacks in such cases can be avoided by undergoing immunotherapy or medication for asthma.

Respiratory Infections: People might get asthma due to respiratory infections such as cold. This will lead to asthma and wheezing. Weather changes such as humidity, temperature, changes in barometric pressure also act as triggers to asthma.

Stress: Asthma occurs due to stress as well. The stress can be emotional or physical. Reduction of stress avoids blood pressure and asthma.

What causes Wheezing in Asthma?

What is Wheezing?

Wheezing is a symptom mostly associated with asthma where a whistling sound is produced continuously in the respiratory tract while breathing. The sound is in high pitch while inhaling. It results in disturbed sleep due to labor breathing and whistling sound.

What causes Wheezing in Asthma?

Wheezing is caused due to shortness of breath or some allergic reaction. When the bronchiolar smooth muscle is constricted in asthma patient, the airflow is narrowed in the respiratory tract. The whistling sound or wheezing is caused when this airflow is obstructed by the excess mucous. Due to this wheezing problem, asthma is also called as Reactive Airway Disease (RAD).

What causes Wheezing in Kids and Infants?

About a million of kids and infants in the world are affected by wheezing due to asthma. Wheezing in kids mostly starts at the age of 6 but very rarely from the age of 3. Kids and infants are mostly affected due to the family history where their parents are affected by allergies and asthma. For infants, it is difficult to diagnose if wheezing has occurred due to asthma as the infants do not cooperate for the lung function tests. If a baby has got infection in the respiratory track, the babys small airways is swollen and blocked with excess mucous easily than adults there by leading to wheezing. As the infants airways are very small, it is difficult for the Doctor to diagnose that this wheezing is caused by asthma as the diagnosis is based on location of wheeze.

Natural Treatment for Wheezing in Asthma

When patient with allergic asthma has wheezing, care should be taken to avoid exposure to allergy or infection. Consume some ginger and one whole garlic everyday. Consuming tea made by boiling tea leaves along with feverfew also reduces wheezing. Disinfecting the patients lungs is possible by performing a steam inhalation with tea tree oil. Respiratory inhalers, vaporizer, hot shower, warm moist air etc. reduces wheezing.

Medicines to Control Wheezing in Asthma

Wheezing in Asthma can also be controlled by consuming medicines prescribed by the medical practitioner. The medical practitioner will test the patient, diagnose the cause of wheezing and then prescribe the medicines. Here are the commonly prescribed medications for Asthma, but they have to be consumed as per medical practitioners advice:

1.Inhaler and Primatene mist gives fast and reliable relief from Wheezing.

2.Over-the-counter drugs, inhalers and tablets relax the airway muscles and thus give relief from wheezing.

3.Epinephrine aerosol inhaler gives temporary (few hours) but fast relief.

4.Ephedrine tablets give long lasting relief for wheezing but the tablet takes half-an-hour to react after consumption.

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