Health Tips for Seniors

Archive for October, 2009

Understanding Different Stages and Various Treatments of Malignant Melanoma Skin

Understanding Different Stages and Various Treatments of Malignant Melanoma Skin Cancer

Malignant melanoma is a very serious skin cancer and is of four main types namely 1)Superficial spreading melanoma 2) nodular melanoma 3) acral lentiginous melanoma and 4) lentigo maligna melanoma.

Early detection and treatment cures the disease and ninety percent of cancers of the skin and their types can be cured completely.In considering the treatment for malignant melanoma the doctor looks into the age, personal health and situation of the patient together with the location of the tumor, its thickness, and its stage before planning his procedure.

The different stages of malignant melanoma are as follows:

In stage one, the lesions or tumors are less than two millimeters thick on the outer layer of the skin or the epidermis.In stage two, the melanoma the cancer has spread to the inner layer of the skin or dermis and entered some fat cells but has not extended to the tissue cells below.In stage three, melanoma which is very serious, cancer cells have traveled to the lymph nodes from where they can be transported to other parts of the body.

In stage four, melanoma which very has now spread to other organs of the body.Surgery is the standard treatment for malignant melanoma when the cancer is located in one spot, and has not gone beyond the immediate area. If the cancer has spread radiation and chemotherapy are suggested.Radiation particularly targets a localized site to terminate any cancerous cells nearby after the surgery. Chemotherapy is a systematic treatment for serious advanced melanoma when the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Chemotherapy drugs pars through the body and attack the rapidly changing radical cells.

Another treatment called immunotherapy or biological therapy is meant to build the immune system. It is recommended to patients with a higher risk of recurrence of cancer, and if the lymph nodes are compromised. The typical agent used in this therapy is called interferon alpha.Awareness on these types of skin caners is as great as the incidence of the dreadful disease. Preventive measures are being taken by more and more people to avoid the disease. It is gratifying to note these cancers are curable through early detection, treatment and immediate action at the beginning.


Understanding An Enlarged Prostate Gland

Leading a normal life with an enlarged prostate is not only difficult but is also considered unhealthy. Luckily there are many modern scientific techniques that can help people deal the problem effectively. There are amazing alternatives accessible to the common man to treat his enlarged prostate gland condition.

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But you need to know what a prostate gland is and how it functions before trying to find solutions to handle an enlarged prostate gland. Prostate is a walnut sized gland that is firm but muscular and is almost like a doughnut shaped. It is situated right under the bladder and in the frontal wall of the rectum. The function of a prostate gland is to secrete a thick fluid that is a part of the male reproductive process. It helps in the urinary process too.

How To Deal With An Enlarged Prostate Gland

Enlarged prostate gland has become a very common detriment amongst many men. If you suspect that you have an enlarged prostate make sure you attend the problem right away by consulting your doctor because the more you delay the greater will be the harm cause by the problem. Negligence towards an enlarged prostate will eventually lead to a bigger problem called the prostate cancer.

But to determine if you are a victim of an enlarged prostate you will have to be aware of all the common symptoms so that you can take steps to curb the problem immediately. Frequent urge to urinate, an unsatisfactory feeling even after emptying the bladder, traces of blood in the urine, struggling to urinate and/or an irregular flow of urine are some of the most commonly reported symptoms of an enlarged prostate.

If you doubt that you have developed an enlarged prostate you will have to inform your doctor about your discoveries and then he will recommend you to go through a few physical examinations. It will be easy for the doctor to estimate the problem and its severity by analyzing the test reports. If there is no health issue the physician will ask you to be careful and also prescribe supplements and regulate your diet or lifestyle to keep the prostate healthy.

Once you are diagnosed of an enlarged prostate, you will have to know the variety treatment options available to help you recover from the problem. Drug treatment or medication therapy is the main kind of prostate cancer treatment a doctor will generally suggest. Alpha-blockers and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors are the two main categories of medications often prescribed to cure enlarged prostate gland.

Alpha-blockers help the muscles around the prostate and bladder relax. Even though this is an effective medication treatment it is not function alike in every individual. Therefore one must experiment with the treatment options, of course with the doctors advice, and then settle for the one that suits the individual the best. Always keep you doctor informed of any progress or degeneration you experience while undergoing the treatment for enlarged prostate gland because this information can help the change the dosage or the treatment itself.

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