Archive for September, 2006
Diseases in the pancreas are uncommon and difficult to diagnose when they do occur. Infection, cancers, and wasting-away of this gland produce body difficulties such as great pain, jaundice, and intense prolonged diarrhea. The physician’s investigation alone can bring to light pancreatic difficulties, because this organ in its hidden away location, cannot be felt, examined or in any way be mechanically investigated. Complex laboratory tests must be relied upon to uncover any disease in this organ.
Diabetes Mellitus (Sugar Diabetes). Diabetes properly is a dis-
Fig. 82. The abdomen-with intestinal tract removed-reveals kidneys, pancreas and large blood vessels to the legs. The pancreas is located deep within the abdomen, and contributes greatly to the digestive process as well as producing a hormone for the body. It is essential to vigorous health, but when removed its function can be carried on artificially.
Fig. 83. Pancreatitis is an irritation of the pancreas itself. It is thought to be caused by stone formation within it, repeated bouts of alcoholism, and irritation with liver bile.
Insulin producing islets
Arterial blood supply
Fig. 84. The pancreas also produces the hormone insulin which is poured into the bloodstream. Absence of insulin means diabetes, unless it is given by hypo as a replacement.
ease of the pancreas, because its failure to manufacture the hormone insulin is directly responsible for the disease. The pancreas manufactures insulin in normal health, but in diabetes, because of a lack of insulin, the body fails to properly use sugar. Sugars from our food, needed as body builders, are not utilized, but lost through the urine. The strength, vigor and repair of the body falls below par and serious complications then arise.
Normally, sweets and starches we eat are absorbed as sugar and policed in the bloodstream by insulin from the pancreas, so that the body can use it. In diabetes, where insulin is lacking, there is a resulting flood of sugar into the body during eating, and it actually spills over into the urine through the kidneys. The urine is even sweet to taste.
Once the gall bladder has become acutely inflamed, it is likely that a low degree of irritation will persist indefinitely. In the presence of irritating stones, frequent flare-ups may occur to make the gall bladder’s future even more miserable, with continuing indigestions, gas and inability to tolerate fatty, greasy foods.
Some people with gall bladder disease are carried along comfortably by their physician on proper diets, but for the severely diseased and stone-containing gall bladder, the doctor may advise surgical removal. This is particularly true in the elderly patient, who usually will have more difficulty with his gall bladder from year to year.
Sound advise from a good physician in gall bladder disease has no substitute.
Cancer of the Gall bladder. Cancer in the gall bladder usually becomes known only after the gall bladder has been removed because of pain, stones or infection. Cancer is found in about 1 percent of all gall bladders removed, and in this group the outlook is dark indeed.
Gall bladder stones have been blamed for the irritation which is probably responsible for cancer, and for this reason, many doctors recommend removal of the gall bladder whenever stones are found.